Absentee Ballot Rules

It's best to double check with your state for any recent changes to election rules in your state.

Military and Overseas voters should visit the Overseas Vote Foundation. Vote.org's information should only be used by voters with US mailing addresses.

What is Absentee Voting?

Absentee voting (aka “mail-in voting” and “by-mail voting”) is conducted by mail-in ballot before the day of Election Day. All states will mail a ballot to voters if certain conditions are met. The voter may return the ballot in person or by mail. Some states will let voters apply for an absentee ballot in person before Election Day and then vote the ballot that same day.

  • Seventeen states require voters to provide an excuse for voting by absentee ballot.
  • Twenty-eight states and the District of Columbia offer no-excuse absentee voting.
  • Five states have elections that are held by mail-in ballot.
Get your absentee ballot

Alabama absentee ballot rules

You need to include a copy of your ID with this form. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID

No absentee ballot application may be mailed in the same envelope as another voter's absentee ballot application.

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Alabama if:
  • you will be absent from the county on Election Day
  • you are ill or have a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • you are a registered Alabama voter who is temporarily living outside the county (such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside of the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person)
  • you are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your regular polling place
  • you work a required shift - 10 hours or more - that coincides with polling hours
Get your absentee ballot

Alaska absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Democratic Party-run Presidential Primary scheduled for April 4 will be conducted solely via mail-in ballots according to the Alaska Democratic Party, March 23, 2020
    • Absentee ballots must be received by Friday, April 10 but should be mailed as early as possible
    • A downloadable ballot that voters can print and mail is available
  • COVID-19: Situation overview, Alaska Department of Health and Human Services

Any registered Alaska voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail. 

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Arizona absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Arizona voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Arkansas absentee ballot rules

You need to include a copy of your ID with this form. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Arkansas if:
  • you will be unavoidably absent from your polling site on Election Day
  • you will be unable to attend your polling site on Election Day due to illness or physical disability
  • you are a member of the U.S. armed forces, merchant marines or the spouse or a dependent family member
  • you are a U.S. citizen whose permanent residence is in Arkansas but who is temporarily living outside the United States
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California absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The following Special Elections will use vote-by-mail procedures following an executive order
    • State Senate District 28, Riverside County on May 12
    • US House of Representatives for Congressional District 25 on May 12
  • For the November 3 General Election, every registered voter will receive a ballot in the mail by executive order
  • News Releases, Office of Public Affairs, California Department of Public Health
Any registered California voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Colorado absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

All registered Colorado voters receive mail ballots. You only need to apply for an absentee ballot if you need your ballot mailed someplace other than your usual address.
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Connecticut absentee ballot rules

Any person who will distribute five (5) or more absentee ballot applications to persons other than the individual's immediate family must register with and obtain forms from the Town Clerk of the municipality where such forms will be distributed before distributing such forms.

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Connecticut if:
  • You will be absent from town during all the hours of voting
  • You are ill
  • You have a physical disability which makes it difficult for you to get to the polls
  • You are active duty within the US military
  • Your religious tenets forbid secular (non-religious) activity on Election Day
  • Your required performance of duties as a primary, referendum, or election official at a polling place other than your own during all the hours on Election Day
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Delaware absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Presidential Primary Election previously scheduled for June 2 (originally April 28) has been postponed to July 7 by executive order
    • All registered voters can request an absentee ballot using the qualification "sick or physically disabled"
  • 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), Delaware Health and Social Services
You may vote by absentee ballot in Delaware if:
  • Your business or occupation prevents you from coming to the polls, including if your occupation is the care of a family member who is at home due to illness, disability, or injury
  • You are a student who is away at college or university
  • You are on vacation
  • The tenets or teachings of your religion prevent you from coming to the polls
  • You are experiencing a temporary or permanent physical disability
  • You are in the public service of the United States or the State of Delaware and are unable to come to the polls
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District of Columbia absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered DC voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Florida absentee ballot rules

Some counties will let you order your absentee ballot online. Please check with your Supervisor of Elections to see if this is possible in your county.

COVID-19 info

Any registered Florida voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Georgia absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Georgia voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote absentee.
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Hawaii absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

All Hawaii elections are held by mail-in ballot. You may apply for an absentee ballot if you need your ballot mailed someplace other than your usual mailing address.

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Idaho absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Idaho voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Illinois absentee ballot rules

Any registered Illinois voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Indiana absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot In Indiana if:
  • You have a specific, reasonable expectation that you will be absent from the county on Election Day during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open (6:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m.).
  • You have a disability.
  • You are at least 65 years of age.
  • You will have official election duties outside of your voting precinct.
  • You are scheduled to work at your regular place of employment during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
  • You are prevented from voting due to the unavailability of transportation to the polls.
  • You will be confined due to illness or injury or you will be caring for an individual confined due to illness or injury during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
  • You are prevented from voting because of a religious discipline or religious holiday during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
  • You are a participant in the state's address confidentiality program.
  • You are a serious sex offender as defined in Indiana Code 35-42-4-14(a).
  • You are a member of the military or a public safety officer.
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Iowa absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Iowa voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Kansas absentee ballot rules

You must provide your current Kansas driver's license number on your absentee ballot application. If you can't, then you'll need to include a photocopy of another photo ID. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID

COVID-19 info

  • The Democratic Presidential Primary scheduled for May 2 will be held solely by mail-in ballots according to the Kansas Democratic Party, March 30, 2020
    • All registered voters registered with the Democratic Party should receive ballots automatically by April 10. If you have not received your ballot by that date, the deadline to request a ballot is April 24
    • Completed ballots must be returned by received by May 2 but should be mailed as early as possible
    • For more information, check with the Kansas Democratic Party
  • COVID-19 Resource Center, Kansas Department of Health and Environment
Any registered Kansas voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Kentucky absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Governor issued an Executive Order recommending that all Kentucky voters should vote using an absentee ballot for the upcoming election on June 23
  • Elections originally scheduled for May 19 has been postponed to June 23 by an Executive Order of the Governor
  • COVID-19, Department for Public Health, Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Human Services
You may vote by absentee ballot by mail in Kentucky if:
  • you are advanced in age, disabled, or ill
  • you are a military personnel or their dependent, or an overseas citizen
  • you are a student who temporarily resides outside the county
  • you are a voter who temporarily resides outside of Kentucky and who maintains eligibility to vote in Kentucky, such as a "snowbird"
  • you are incarcerated, but not yet convicted of a crime
  • you are employed outside of the county all hours the polling place is open.
You can vote by absentee ballot in person in Kentucky if:
  • you will be out of the county on election day
  • you are advanced in age, disabled, or ill
  • you are a military personnel, their dependent, or an overseas citizen
  • you are a military personnel confined to base and learn of your confinement within seven days or less of an election
  • you are a student or resident who temporarily resides outside of the county
  • you are a voter or the spouse of a voter who has surgery scheduled that will require hospitalization on Election Day
  • you are a pregnant woman in third trimester
  • you are a precinct election officer appointed to serve in precinct other than his own, an alternate precinct election officer, County Board of Elections’ members or staff, Deputy county clerk, or State Board of Elections’ staff
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Louisiana absentee ballot rules

If you registered to vote by mail, you must vote in person the first time you vote. This rule does not apply if you are a military or overseas voter; a senior citizen or a disabled voter; a participant in the state's address confidentiality program; or student who included a copy of your student ID or tuition bill with your voter registration form; or if you visited your registrar of voters in-person after registering to vote.

COVID-19 info

  • The Governor issued a proclamation on April 14 further postponing upcoming elections:
    • The June 20 primary election has been postponed to July 11
    • The July 25 election has been postponed to August 15
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19), Louisiana Office of Public Health
You may vote by absentee ballot in Louisiana if:
  • you are a student or teacher located and living outside of your parish of registration, or the spouse/dependent thereof;
  • you are 65 years of age or older;
  • you are a minister, priest, rabbi, or other member of the clergy assigned outside of your parish of registration, or the spouse/dependent thereof;
  • you are or expect to be temporarily outside the territorial limits of the state or absent from your parish of registration during the early voting period and on Election Day;
  • you moved your residence to another parish more than 100 miles from the parish seat of your former residence after the voter registration books closed (the books close 30 days prior to Election Day);
  • you are involuntarily confined in an institution for mental treatment outside your parish of registration and you are not interdicted and not judicially declared incompetent;
  • you expect to be hospitalized on Election Day and did not have knowledge until after the time for early voting had expired; you were hospitalized during the time for early voting and you expect to be hospitalized on Election Day; or you were either hospitalized or restricted to bed by your physician during early voting and on Election Day;
  • you work or expect to be offshore working and expect to be out of your precinct of registration both during the early voting period and on Election Day because of your employment or occupation;
  • you are incarcerated in an institution inside or outside of your parish of registration and you are not serving time for a felony conviction;
  • you are a program participant in the Department of State's Address Confidentiality Program;
  • you will be sequestered on the day of Election Day; or
  • you are the secretary of state, an employee of the secretary of state, or an employee of the registrar of voters.
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Maine absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Maine voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Maryland absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The 2020 Primary Election originally scheduled for April 28 has been postponed to June 2 by a proclamation from the governor.
    • The 7th Congressional District Special Election on April 28 has not been postponed but will be taking place exclusively by mail.
      • If you are registered to vote in this elections, your ballot should arrive in the mail in early April. Your voted ballot must be postmarked by April 28.
  • Media Statement on COVID-19 Preparations, Maryland State Board of Elections
Any registered Maryland voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Massachusetts absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Massachusetts if:
  • you will be absent from your city or town on Election Day.
  • you have a physical disability that prevents you from voting at the polling place.
  • you cannot vote at the polls due to religious beliefs
  • you are confined in a correctional facility or jail on something OTHER than a felony charge
Generally, a voter must be registered in order to vote absentee, though several exceptions exist: Those outside of Massachusetts, prisoners, and members of the armed forces or merchant marine, or their spouses or dependents, do not need to be registered in order to vote absentee.
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Michigan absentee ballot rules

If you register to vote by mail you must vote in person the first time you vote. You cannot vote by absentee ballot. The restriction does not apply to overseas voters, voters who are disabled or voters who are 60 years of age or older.

COVID-19 info

Any registered Michigan voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Minnesota absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Minnesota voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by absentee ballot.
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Mississippi absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Mississippi if:
  • you will be away from your county on Election Day for any reason;
  • you are a student, teacher, or administrator at a school whose studies or employment there necessitates your absence from your county on Election Day; or you are the spouse or dependent thereof;
  • you have a temporary or permanent physical disability that renders you unable to vote in person without substantial hardship;
  • you are the parent, spouse, or dependent of a person with a temporary or permanent physical disability who is hospitalized outside of their county of residence or more than fifty (50) miles away, and you (the parent, spouse or dependent) will be with that person on Election Day;
  • you are sixty-five (65) years of age or older;
  • you will be unable to vote in person because you are required to be at work on Election Day during the times at which the polls will be open;
  • you are a member, spouse, or dependent of the congressional delegation;
  • you are a disabled war veteran (or spouse or dependant of such a person) in a hospital;
  • you are a member (or spouse or dependant of such a person) of the Merchant Marine or American Red Cross.
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Missouri absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You can vote by absentee ballot in Missouri if:
  • you will be absent from your voting jurisdiction on Election Day
  • you are incapacitated or confined due to illness or physical disability, or caring for an incapacitated person
  • you are restricted by religious belief or practice
  • you are employed by Election Day authority
  • you are incarcerated, but have retained all your voting qualifications
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Montana absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Montana voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Nebraska absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Nebraska voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Nevada absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Nevada voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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New Hampshire absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in New Hampshire if:
  • you will be absent on the day of any state election from the county, city, or town in which you are registered to vote
  • you are unable appear in public on Election Day because of your observance of a religious commitment
  • you are unable to vote in person by reason of physical disability
  • you are unable to vote in person by reason of military service
  • you are unable to appear at any time during polling hours at your polling place because an employment obligation (including the care of children or infirm adults, with or without compensation) requires you to remain physically at work or to be in transit to or from work from the time the polls open until after the time the polls close
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New Jersey absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered New Jersey voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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New Mexico absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered New Mexico voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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New York absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Presidential Primary Election was cancelled by New York Board of Elections, but a federal judge has issued an order to reinstate it. Further details will be posted as they become available.
  • New York will still hold congressional and state-level primaries on June 23, 2020.
    • All eligible voters can vote absentee as "temporary illness" has been expanded to include the potential to contract COVID-19 for elections through June 23, 2020 by an executive order.
    • All voters eligible to vote in the remaining June 23 elections will be automatically mailed an absentee ballot application per an additional executive order.
  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), New York State Department of Health
You may vote by absentee ballot in New York if you expect to be:
  • Absent from your county or, if a resident of New York City, absent from New York City, on Election Day
  • Unable to appear at the polls due to illness or physical disability or because you are the primary care giver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled
  • A resident or patient of a Veterans Health Administration Hospital
  • Detained in jail awaiting Grand Jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony.
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North Carolina absentee ballot rules

You must put your NC driver's license number or your social security number on this application. If you can't, then you'll need to include a photo copy of your ID. 

Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID. When you get your absentee ballot, you'll need to fill it out in the presence of a notary or two witnesses, who will have to sign the ballot.

COVID-19 info

  • The 11th District Republican Primary Runoff previously scheduled for May 12 has been postponed to June 23 through an Executive Order by the Executive Director of the State Board of Elections, March 20, 2020
  • Statement on COVID-19 Response, North Carolina State Board of Elections
Any registered North Carolina voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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North Dakota absentee ballot rules

You need to include a copy of your ID with your absentee ballot application. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID.

COVID-19 info

Any North Dakota resident may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Ohio absentee ballot rules

You must put your OH driver's license number or the last four digits of your Social Security number on this form. If you don't have one of these numbers then you'll need to include a photocopy of your ID with this form. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID.

COVID-19 info

Any registered Ohio voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote absentee.
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Oklahoma absentee ballot rules

Unless you are physically incapacitated or caring for a person who is incapacitated, you must have your absentee ballot affidavit notarized. (Note: Oklahoma limits the number of absentee ballot affidavits a single notary can sign to no more than 20 without special authorization.)

COVID-19 info

Any registered Oklahoma voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Oregon absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

All Oregon elections are held by mail-in ballot. You may apply for an absentee ballot if you need your ballot mailed someplace other than your usual mailing address.
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Pennsylvania absentee ballot rules

You must provide your PA driver's license number or the last four digits of your Social Security number on your absentee ballot form. If you don't have either number, you'll need to include a photocopy of your ID. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID.

COVID-19 info

Pennsylvania voters have different options to vote by mail including absentee and mail-in ballot. However, all registered voters can vote with a mail-in ballot. For a detailed description of the rules for each, please view Pennsylvania’s page on absentee ballots.

You may vote by absentee ballot in Pennsylvania if:

  • you are in the military service of the United States (military voters do not need to be registered to vote to vote by absentee ballot, and they do not need to be overseas or even outside of Pennsylvania)
  • you are a spouse or dependent of someone in the military, and you expect on Election Day to be absent from the Commonwealth or the municipality of residence during the entire period in which the polling places are open for voting (7:00 A.M. to 8:00 P.M).
  • you are a member of the Merchant Marine (or a spouse or dependent) and you expect on Election Day to be absent from the Commonwealth or the municipality of residence during the entire period in which the polling places are open for voting (7:00 A.M. to 8:00 P.M).
  • you are a member of a religious or welfare group attached to and serving with the armed forces (or a spouse or dependent) and you expect on Election Day to be absent from the Commonwealth or the municipality of residence during the entire period in which the polling places are open for voting (7:00 A.M. to 8:00 P.M).
  • you expect that your occupation or duties (including leaves of absence for teaching, vacations, and sabbatical leaves) will cause you to be away from your municipality on Election Day.  This also applies to spouses and dependents.
  • you are a war veteran who is bedridden or hospitalized due to illness or physical disability and therefore unable to vote in person (note: people who fall in this group can vote by absentee ballot even if they are not already registered).
  • you are ill or physically disabled and therefore unable to go to a polling place or operate a voting machine.
  • you are employed by the Commonwealth or the Federal Government and your duties require you to be absent from the Commonwealth or the municipality of your residence on Election Day. This also applies to spouses and dependents.
  • you are employed by the county and you expect that your Election Day duties will prevent you from voting.
  • you will be observing a religious holiday and will be unable to vote.
Get your absentee ballot

Rhode Island absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Rhode Island voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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South Carolina absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in South Carolina if you will be away from the county of your residence on Election Day AND one of the following:
  • you are a student away at college (or a spouse or dependent residing with the student);
  • you are serving with the American Red Cross or with the United Service Organization (USO) and are attached to and serving with the Armed Forces (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person);
  • you are a government employee (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person);
  • you are on vacation;
  • you live overseas.
You may vote by absentee ballot in South Carolina whether or not you will be away from the county of your residence if:
  • you are physically disabled;
  • your job prevents you from voting;
  • you are a certified poll watcher, poll manager, or county election official and you will be working on Election Day;
  • you are attending to sick or physically disabled persons;
  • you have been admitted to the hospital as an emergency patient on day of election or at least four days prior to Election Day;
  • there has been a death or funeral in your family within three days before Election Day;
  • you are on jury duty in state or federal court on Election Day;
  • you are 65 or older;
  • you are confined to a jail or pre-trial facility pending disposition of arrest or trial;
  • you are a member of the Armed Forces or Merchant Marines (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person).
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South Dakota absentee ballot rules

You must send a copy your South Dakota photo ID with your absentee ballot application. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID. If you can't get a copy of an acceptable form of photo ID, then you must have your absentee ballot application signed and notarized by an authorized witness.

COVID-19 info

Any registered South Dakota voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Tennessee absentee ballot rules

If you registered to vote by mail, you must vote in person in the first Tennessee election in which you vote. If you registered in person, you may vote absentee in your first election.

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Tennessee if:
  • you will be outside the county of registration during the early voting period and all day on Election Day;
  • you or your spouse are enrolled as a full-time student in an accredited college or university outside the county of registration;
  • you will be unable to vote in person due to service as a juror for a federal or state court;
  • you are sixty (60) years of age or older;
  • you have a physical disability and an inaccessible polling place;
  • you are hospitalized, ill, or physically disabled and because of such condition, cannot vote in person;
  • you are the caretaker of a person who is hospitalized, ill, or disabled;
  • you are a candidate for office in the election;
  • you serve as an Election Day official or as a member or employee of Election Day commission;
  • you will be observing a religious holiday which prevents you from voting in person during the early voting period and on Election Day;
  • you or your spouse possess a valid commercial drivers license (CDL) or Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) and you certify that you will be working outside the state or county of registration during the early voting period and all day on Election Day;
  • you are a member of the military or an overseas citizen;
  • a licensed physician has filed a statement with the county election commission stating that, in the physician's judgment, you are medically unable to vote in person. The statement must be filed not less than five (5) days before Election Day and signed under the penalty of perjury;
  • you reside in a licensed facility providing relatively permanent domiciliary care, other than a penal institution, outside the voter's county of residence.
If you are one of the last two, you can apply to be a permanent absentee voter.
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Texas absentee ballot rules

If you are a first-time voter and you did not provide either your Texas drivers license number or Social Security number on your voter registration form, you need to include a copy of photo ID with your application (disabled persons are exempt). Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID

COVID-19 info

You may vote by absentee ballot in Texas if:
  • you are 65 years or older;
  • you are disabled;
  • you will be out of the county on Election Day and during the period for early voting by personal appearance; or
  • you are confined in jail, but otherwise eligible.
Get your absentee ballot

Utah absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

All Utah elections are held by mail-in ballot. You may apply for an absentee ballot if you need your ballot mailed someplace other than your usual mailing address.

Get your absentee ballot

Vermont absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

Any registered Vermont voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
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Virginia absentee ballot rules

If you registered to vote by mail, you must vote in person the first time you vote unless you are a full-time college student; an active duty military or overseas voter; a physically handicapped individuals; or 65 or older. If you registered to vote in person, you may vote by absentee ballot the first time you vote, but you have to wait 5 days after registering to vote before you can request an absentee ballot.

COVID-19 info

  • The Primary Election previously scheduled for June 9 has been postponed until June 23 in an announcement by the Governor
  • The Virginia Department of Elections has clarified on their absentee voting page that concerns around COVID-19 count as a reason to request an absentee ballot for the May and June elections
    • Voters should cite reason "2A - My disability or illness"
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Virginia Department of Health
You may vote by absentee ballot in Virginia if:
  • you are a student (or the spouse of a student) attending college or university outside of your Virginia locality
  • you have business outside your county/city of residence on Election Day
  • you have personal business or vacation outside county/city of residence on Election Day
  • you are working and commuting to/from home for 11 or more hours between 6am and 7pm on Election Day
  • you are a first responder (member of law enforcement, fire fighter, emergency technician, search and rescue)
  • you have a disability or illness
  • you are primarily and personally responsible for the care of a disabled/ill family member confined at home
  • you are pregnant
  • you are confined, and awaiting trial, or convicted of a misdemeanor
  • you are an electoral board member, registrar, officer of election, or custodian of voting equipment
  • you have a religious obligation that prevents you from voting on Election Day
  • you are an active duty member of the Armed Forces or Merchant Marine (or the spouse of an active duty member)
  • you are temporarily residing outside of the US
  • you moved to another state less than 30 days before a presidential election (you will only receive a ballot for the presidential/vice-presidential election; ballots for other offices/issues will not be sent)
  • you are an authorized representative of candidate or party serving inside the polling place
  • you have been granted a protective order by a court
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Washington absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

All Washington elections are held by mail-in ballot. You may apply for an absentee ballot if you need your ballot mailed someplace other than your usual mailing address.

Get your absentee ballot

West Virginia absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Primary Election originally scheduled for May 12 has been postponed to June 9 by an executive order of the Governor.
    • All voters who do not wish to vote in person due to the COVID-19 pandemic are eligible to vote by mail following an announcement from the Secretary of State.
    • Absentee ballots must be postmarked by June 9 but should be sent as early as possible.
    • Early in-person voting and in-person voting on Election Day will still take place.
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), West Virginia Department of Health and Human Services
All registered West Virginia voters may vote by absentee ballot in person during the period of early voting. You may vote by absentee ballot by mail in West Virginia if:
  • you will be absent from the county during both the early voting period and Election Day because of  personal or business travel or attendance at a college, university or other place of education or training;
  • employment that makes voting in person impossible because of the hours worked and distance from the county seat
  • you are confined to a specific location and prevented from voting in person due to an illness, injury, other medical reason, physical disability, or advanced age;
  • you are incarcerated or detained in jail or a home on Election Day, but not under conviction of any felony, of treason, or of bribery (including any period of probation or parole);
  • you are a participant in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP) with the Office of the Secretary of State;
  • the county absentee voting office and your polling place are inaccessible to to you due to your physical disability.
Get your absentee ballot

Wisconsin absentee ballot rules

You must include a copy of your ID with this form unless you are living in a nursing home or care facility, indefinitely confined, a disabled citizen, a military voter, or an overseas voter. Check our Voter ID Laws page for a list of acceptable forms of ID.

COVID-19 info

  • As of April 6, 9:30PM CT: The April 7 election will be occurring as scheduled.
    • Completed absentee ballots must be postmarked no later than April 7 or returned in person by 8PM on April 7.
    • Voters who have requested an absentee ballot are still able to vote in person as long as they have not returned their ballot in the mail.
    • The Governor's executive order to postpone the election was overturned by a Wisconsin Supreme Court ruling.
  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019), Wisconsin Department of Health Services
  • Any registered Wisconsin voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
  • When voting by absentee ballot, you must submit a copy of a valid photo ID with your absentee ballot unless you are exempt from this requirement by statute (typically, certain military and overseas voters) or may have an alternative process to verify your identity. A list of valid IDs is available below.
Get your absentee ballot

Wyoming absentee ballot rules

COVID-19 info

  • The Democratic Presidential Preference Caucus scheduled for April 4 will be conducted solely via mail-in ballot according to the Wyoming Democratic Party, March 21, 2020
    • Absentee ballots must be received by the Wyoming Democratic Party no later than April 17 and should be mailed as soon as possible
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Wyoming Department of Health
Any registered Wyoming voter may apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
Get your absentee ballot