If you registered to vote by mail, you must vote in person the first time you vote unless you are a full-time college student; an active duty military or overseas voter; a physically handicapped individuals; or 65 or older. If you registered to vote in person, you may vote by absentee ballot the first time you vote, but you have to wait 5 days after registering to vote before you can request an absentee ballot.

COVID-19 info

  • The Primary Election previously scheduled for June 9 has been postponed until June 23 in an announcement by the Governor
  • The Virginia Department of Elections has clarified on their absentee voting page that concerns around COVID-19 count as a reason to request an absentee ballot for the May and June elections
    • Voters should cite reason "2A - My disability or illness"
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Virginia Department of Health

Virginia absentee ballot deadlines

  • In Person: 3 days before Election Day.
  • By Mail: 7 days before Election Day.
  • Online: 7 days before Election Day.
  • Voted ballots are due: Election Day.

Virginia absentee ballot rules

You may vote by absentee ballot in Virginia if:
  • you are a student (or the spouse of a student) attending college or university outside of your Virginia locality
  • you have business outside your county/city of residence on Election Day
  • you have personal business or vacation outside county/city of residence on Election Day
  • you are working and commuting to/from home for 11 or more hours between 6am and 7pm on Election Day
  • you are a first responder (member of law enforcement, fire fighter, emergency technician, search and rescue)
  • you have a disability or illness
  • you are primarily and personally responsible for the care of a disabled/ill family member confined at home
  • you are pregnant
  • you are confined, and awaiting trial, or convicted of a misdemeanor
  • you are an electoral board member, registrar, officer of election, or custodian of voting equipment
  • you have a religious obligation that prevents you from voting on Election Day
  • you are an active duty member of the Armed Forces or Merchant Marine (or the spouse of an active duty member)
  • you are temporarily residing outside of the US
  • you moved to another state less than 30 days before a presidential election (you will only receive a ballot for the presidential/vice-presidential election; ballots for other offices/issues will not be sent)
  • you are an authorized representative of candidate or party serving inside the polling place
  • you have been granted a protective order by a court

Virginia absentee ballot directions

  1. Use our Absentee Ballot Tool to prepare your application.
  2. Sign and date the form. This is very important!
  3. Return your completed application to your Local Election Office as soon as possible. We'll provide the mailing address for you.
  4. All Local Election Offices will accept mailed or hand-delivered forms. If it's close to the deadline, call and see if your Local Election Office will let you fax or email the application.
  5. Make sure your application is received by the deadline. Your application must actually arrive by this time -- simply being postmarked by the deadline is insufficient.
  6. Please contact your Local Election Office if you have any further questions about the exact process.

Tracking your ballot

You can track your ballot directly with your state.

Once you receive your ballot...

  1. Once you receive the ballot, carefully read and follow the instructions.
  2. Sign and date where indicated.
  3. Mail your voted ballot back to the address indicated on the return envelope.
  4. Your voted ballot must arrive by the deadline or it will not be counted.