Voter ID Laws

We are in the process of updating this page for the 2016 General Election.  In the meantime, please visit our friends at NCSL — http://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/voter-id.aspx

EXCEPTIONS TO THE VOTER ID REQUIREMENTS

  • Military and overseas voters who are vote by absentee ballot under the federal Uniformed and Overseas Citizen Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) are exempt from ALL voter ID requirements.
  • Elderly and disabled voters are exempt from federal first-time voter ID requirements but might not be exempt from state voter ID laws.

Voter ID is a pain in the neck and laws change frequently. We make every effort to keep this data up-to-date, but if you have any questions you should contact your Local Election Official.

State In-Person Voter ID Laws Absentee Voter ID Laws

Alabama

When you vote, you must present a photo ID from the following list:

  • Valid Alabama drivers license or non-driver photo ID card
  • Valid Alabama photo voter ID card
  • Valid photo ID card issued by a branch, department, agency, or entity of the State of Alabama, any other state, or the United States authorized by law to issue personal identification
  • Valid US passport
  • Valid government employee photo ID card
  • Valid student or employee photo ID card issued by a public or private college, university, or postgraduate technical or professional school located within the state of Alabama
  • Valid US military photo ID card
  • Valid tribal photo ID card

You may also have two (2) election officials verify your identity at the polls.

Absentee voters are required to provide a copy of a photo ID from the following list:

  • Valid Alabama drivers license or non-driver photo ID card
  • Valid Alabama photo voter ID card
  • Valid photo ID card issued by a branch, department, agency, or entity of the State of Alabama, any other state, or the United States authorized by law to issue personal identification
  • Valid US passport
  • Valid government employee photo ID card
  • Valid student or employee photo ID card issued by a public or private college, university, or postgraduate technical or professional school located within the state of Alabama
  • Valid US military photo ID card
  • Valid tribal photo ID card

Alaska

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Official voter registration card
  • Drivers license
  • Birth certificate
  • Passport
  • Hunting or fishing license
  • Current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document with the voter’s name and address

An election official may waive the ID requirement if Election Day official can vouch for your identity.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Arizona

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Valid Arizona drivers license or non-driver ID card
  • Tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification
  • Valid U.S. federal, state or local government issued ID
  • Utility bill dated within 90 days of Election Day
  • Bank or credit union statement dated within 90 days of Election Day
  • Valid Arizona vehicle registration
  • Indian census card
  • Property tax statement
  • Vehicle insurance card
  • Recorder’s Certificate

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Arkansas

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote at the polls:

  • Any ID issued by the US government that shows your name and photo
  • Any ID issued by the State of Arkansas that shows your name and photo
  • Any ID issued by an accredited postsecondary educational institution in Arkansas that shows your name and photo
  • A voter ID card issued by the Secretary of State of Arkansas
  • A concealed handgun carry license
  • An employee badge or identification document
  • A US military ID card
  • A public assistance ID

If your ID shows an expiration date, your ID must be current or must have expired no more than four years before Election Day.

All absentee voters must include a copy of one of the following forms of ID along with their voted absentee ballot:

  • Current and valid photo ID card
  • Current utility bill
  • Bank statement
  • Government check
  • Paycheck
  • Other government document that shows your name and address

California

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters are not required to provide ID.

Colorado

You must present one of the following forms of ID if you vote in person:

  • Colorado drivers license
  • Colorado Department of Revenue ID card
  • US passport
  • Employee photo ID card issued by the US government, Colorado state government, or political subdivision of Colorado
  • Pilot’s license
  • US military ID with photo
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows your name and address
  • Medicare or Medicaid card
  • Certified copy of birth certificate
  • Certified documentation of naturalization

People who vote by mail in Colorado are not required to provide ID.

Connecticut

Voters do not need to show ID in order to vote.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Delaware

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Photo ID that shows your name and address
  • Utility bill that shows your name and address
  • Paycheck that shows your name and address
  • Any government document with your name and address

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

District of Columbia

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to show ID.

Florida

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Florida drivers license
  • Florida ID card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  • US passport
  • Debit or credit card that shows your photo
  • Military ID
  • Student identification
  • Retirement center ID
  • Neighborhood association ID
  • Public assistance identification

Absentee voters do not need to show ID.

Georgia

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Georgia drivers license, even if expired
  • ID card issued by the state of Georgia or the federal government
  • free voter ID card issued by the state or county
  • US passport
  • Valid employee photo ID card from any branch, department, agency, or entity of the US Government,
  • Valid employee photo ID from any branch, department, agency, or entitely of the state of Georgia, or of any county/municipality/board/authority of the state of Georgia
  • Valid US military ID card
  • Valid tribal photo ID

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Hawaii

Poll-workers will request a photo ID with signature when you vote. (Acceptable forms of ID are not specified by law.)

If you don’t have ID, you will be asked to recite your date of birth and address to corroborate the information in the poll book.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Idaho

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Idaho drivers license or non-drivers ID card
  • US passport
  • Photo ID card issued by an agency of the US government
  • Tribal photo ID card
  • Student photo ID card issued by a high school or accredited institution of higher education within the state of Idaho

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Illinois

Illinois voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Illinois absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Indiana

You must show a photo ID issued by the state of Indiana or by the US government. Your ID must show:

  • Your name, which must conform to your registration record
  • Your photo
  • Expiration date

If your ID is expired, it must have an expiration date after the most recent general election; military IDs are exempted from the requirement that the ID bear an expiration date)

Absentee voters do not need to show ID.

Iowa

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to show ID.

Kansas

You must provide the following forms of unexpired photo ID (unless you are 65 or older, in which case the ID can be expired) when you vote:

  • Drivers license or non-drivers ID card issued by Kansas or another state
  • U.S. passport
  • Concealed carry of handgun license issued by Kansas or another state
  • Employee badge or ID document issued by a government office
  • U.S. military ID
  • Student ID card issued by an accredited Kansas postsecondary educational institution
  • Public assistance ID card issued by a government office
  • An ID card issued by an Indian tribe
  • State Voter ID
  • NOTE: Kansas cannot require you to provide proof of US citizenship to register to vote for federal elections

You must provide the number from your current and valid Kansas drivers license or Kansas nondrivers ID card when you request your absentee ballot.

If you do not have a valid Kansas drivers license or Kansas nondrivers card, you must provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your application in order to receive a ballot:

  • Drivers license or nondrivers ID card issued by Kansas or another state
  • U.S. passport
  • Concealed carry of handgun license issued by Kansas or another state
  • Employee badge or ID document issued by a government office
  • U.S. military ID
  • Student ID card issued by an accredited Kansas postsecondary educational institution
  • Public assistance ID card issued by a government office
  • An ID card issued by an Indian tribe
  • State Voter ID

Kentucky

Voters must show identification or be known personally by a precinct election officer before voting. Types of identification that are allowed:

  • Personal acquaintance with a precinct election officer
  • Driver’s License
  • Social Security card
  • Credit card
  • Another form of identification containing both picture and signature.

If your ID is rejected at the polls, you’ll need to sign a written oath as to your qualifications before you are permitted to vote.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Louisiana

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote in person:

  • Louisiana drivers license
  • Louisiana special ID card
  • Other picture ID with your name and signature

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Maine

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Maryland

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Massachusetts

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Michigan

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Michigan drivers license
  • Michigan personal ID card
  • Drivers license or personal ID card issued by another state
  • Federal or state government-issued photo ID
  • US passport
  • Military photo ID
  • Student photo ID from a high school or accredited institution of higher education
  • Tribal photo ID

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Minnesota

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Mississippi

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Mississippi Voter ID Card
  • Drivers license
  • Photo ID card issued by a branch, department, or entity of the state of Mississippi
  • US passport
  • Government employee ID card
  • Firearms license
  • Student photo ID issued by an accredited Mississippi university, college, or community/junior college
  • US military ID
  • Tribal photo ID
  • Any other photo ID issued by any branch, department, agency or entity of the United States government or any State government

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Missouri

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • ID issued by the federal government, state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority
  • ID issued by Missouri institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter
  • Drivers license or state ID card issued by another state.
  • Alternatively, you may vote if two (2) supervising election judges, one from each major political party, attest that they know you.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Montana

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Drivers license
  • School district or postsecondary education photo identification
  • Tribal photo identification
  • Current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, notice of confirmation of voter registration, government check, or other government document that shows your name and current address

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Nebraska

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Nevada

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

New Hampshire

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Drivers license from NH or any other state, regardless of expiration date
  • Photo ID card issued by the NH director of motor vehicles
  • Voter ID card issued under R.S. 260:21
  • US armed services photo ID card
  • US passport, regardless of expiration date
  • Valid student ID card
  • Any other valid photo ID issued by federal, state, county or municipal government
  • Any other photo ID that is determined to be legitimate by the supervisors of the checklist, the moderator, or the town or city clerk, provided that if any person authorized to challenge a voter under RSA 659:27 objects to the use of such photo identification, the voter shall be required to execute a qualified voter affidavit as if no identification was presented.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

New Jersey

You do not need to show ID in New Jersey when you vote unless you are a first-time voter and you did not include your driver license number or social security number on your voter registration form.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

New Mexico

In person voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

New York

Voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

North Carolina

ID not required, unless you registered to vote by mail without providing your state-issued ID number (driver’s license, non-operators ID card, or NC Voter Registration number), and are voting for the first time.

Acceptable forms of ID include:

  • Current and valid photo ID
  • Military ID
  • A current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows your name and current address

 

When you send in your absentee ballot application , you will need to provide either your state-issued ID number (driver’s license, non-operators ID card, or NC Voter Registration number) or the last four digits of your Social Security number.

If you do not provide your driver’s license number or the last four digits of your social security number, you can send a photocopy of one of the following forms of ID with your request.

Acceptable forms of ID include:

  • Current and valid photo ID
  • Military ID
  • A current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows your name and current address

North Dakota

You must provide ID (or a combination of IDs) that shows your ND address and your birthdate:

  • North Dakota valid driver’s license or non-driver’s identification card
  • Valid North Dakota tribal government issued identification card
  • Student identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota college or university)
  • Long term care identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota facility)
  • US Passport
  • Military ID (pending: only for North Dakota residents living outside the United States who do not possess one of the other forms of identification)
  • pending: an ID card from a federal agency
  • pending: an out of state driver’s license or non-driver’s ID card;
  • an ID card issued by a tribal government;
  • pending: a valid student ID card; a military ID card;
  • pending; a utility bill dated 30 days before Election Day, including cell phone bills and student housing bills (online printouts acceptable);
  • pending: a change of address verification letter from the U.S. Postal Service.
  • pending: If you cannot produce the above ID:
    • a member of Election Day board or a poll clerk that knows you can simply vouch for you, or
    • you can execute an affidavit swearing under penalty of perjury that he or she was a qualified elector in the precinct.

 

North Dakota requires you to provide one of the following forms of ID containing your name, residence address, and date of birth when you apply for your absentee ballot:

  • North Dakota valid driver’s license or non-driver’s identification card
  • Valid North Dakota tribal government issued identification card
  • Student identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota college or university)
  • Long term care identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota facility)
  • Passport or military ID (only for North Dakota residents living outside the United States who do not possess one of the other forms of identification)

If you do not have one of the above forms of ID, you may use an Attester. The Attester must provide his or her name, North Dakota drivers license, non-drivers, or tribal identification number, and sign the absentee/mail ballot application form to attest to your North Dakota residency and voting eligibility.

Ohio

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote in person:

  • current and valid photo ID, defined as a document that shows the individual’s name and current address, includes a photograph, includes an expiration date that has not passed, and was issued by the US government or the state of Ohio
  • current utility bill
  • current bank statement
  • current government check, paycheck or other government document

When you send in your absentee ballot application, you will have to provide either your driver’s license number (which begins with two alphabet letters followed by six numbers) OR the last four digits of your Social Security number.

Alternatively, you can provide a photocopy of one of the following forms of ID when you mail in your application:

  • current and valid photo ID
  • military ID
  • a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows your name and current address

Oklahoma

When you vote, you must provide either:

  • Your voter registration card or
  • A photo ID that shows your name, your photograph, and an expiration date that is AFTER Election Day. This photo ID must be issued by the US Government, the State of Oklahoma, or a federally recognized Indian tribe or nation

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

Oregon

No ID required in Oregon.

No ID required in Oregon.

Pennsylvania

In-person voters do not need to show ID at the polls.

You will need to provide either your driver’s license number or the last four digits of your Social Security number to vote absentee. You can provide the number to your county by phone, email, or mail.

Alternatively, you can provide a copy of one of the following forms of ID when you mail in your application:

  1. Photo ID issued by the Commonwealth of PA or the U.S. Government (including a U.S. Passport)
    PA driver’s license or non-driver’s license photo ID (IDs are valid for voting purposes 12 months past expiration date)
  2. PA Department of State Voter ID Card available at a DLC
  3. Photo ID from an accredited PA public or private institution of higher learning, including colleges, universities, seminaries, community colleges and other two-year colleges
  4. Photo ID issued by a PA care facility, including long-term care facilities, assisted living residences or personal care homes
  5. U.S. military ID – active duty and retired military (a military or veteran’s ID must designate an expiration date or designate that the expiration date is indefinite). Military dependents’ ID must contain an expiration date
  6. Employee photo ID issued by U.S., PA, PA County or PA Municipal government

You have 6 days following Election Day to provide the necessary identification to your county.

Rhode Island

You must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID when you vote:

  • Rhode Island driver’s license
  • Rhode Island voter ID card
  • US passport
  • ID card issued by a US educational institution
  • US military ID card
  • ID card issued by the US government or state of Rhode Island
  • Government-issued medical card

No ID required for absentee voters.

South Carolina

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • South Carolina driver’s license or non-driver’s photo ID card
  • US passport
  • Military photo ID card
  • South Carolina voter registration card with a photo

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID.

South Dakota

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • South Dakota driver’s license or nondriver ID card
  • US passport
  • photo ID issued by an agency of the US government
  • tribal photo ID card
  • student photo ID card issued by an accredited South Dakota school
  • You can also sign an affidavit, containing your name, address, and signature, in lieu of ID.

The South Dakota absentee ballot application has an oath that must be signed and stamped by a notary public or other officer authorized by statute to administer an oath.

If you don’t have an authorized witness sign and stamp your request, then you must provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your absentee ballot request:

  • South Dakota driver’s license or nondriver ID card
  • US passport
  • photo ID issued by an agency of the US government
  • tribal photo ID card
  • student photo ID card issued by an accredited South Dakota school

Tennessee

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Tennessee driver’s license
  • valid photo ID card issued by any state
  • valid photo ID license issued by the TN Dept. of Safety
  • valid US passport
  • valid US military photo ID

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID in Tennessee.

Texas

You must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID (no more than 60 days expired) when you vote:

  • Texas driver’s license
  • Texas election ID certificate
  • Department of Public Safety personal ID card
  • US military ID
  • US citizenship certificate (does not require an expiration date)
  • US passport
  • License to carry a concealed handgun issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety

Under Texas’s strict new voter ID law, if you are a first-time voter who did not provide either your driver’s license number or your Social Security number on your voter registration form, you MUST provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your absentee ballot request. This rule does not apply if you are disabled, in the military, or living overseas. However, your Texas County Elections Office should mail you a special form attesting to that effect, which you must complete and return.

  • Texas driver’s license
  • Texas election ID certificate
  • Department of Public Safety personal ID card
  • US military ID
  • US citizenship certificate (does not require an expiration date)
  • US passport
  • License to carry a concealed handgun issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety

Utah

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote in Utah:

  • current and valid UT driver’s license
  • current and valid ID card issued by the state or federal government UT
    concealed weapon permit
  • US passport
  • current and valid US military ID card
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs card
  • Tribal treaty card
  • Tribal ID card
  • two forms of ID that bear your name provide evidence that you reside in the precinct

 

Alternatively, a county clerk can verify your identity and residence if you cannot provide ID by other means.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID in Utah.

Vermont

Voters do not need to show ID in Vermont.

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID in Vermont.

Virginia

You must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID when you vote:

  • Virginia voter registration card
  • US passport
  • Virginia driver’s license
  • any other photo ID card issued by a government agency of the Commonwealth, one of its political subdivisions, or the United States
  • any valid student photo ID card issued by any institution of higher education located in Virginia
    employee photo ID card

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID in Virginia.

Washington

Photo ID required

All Washington counties now vote by mail. However, county auditors must open at least one vote center where voters can cast their ballot in person. Voters who wish to vote in person are the only voters subject to ID requirements.

You must provide a valid photo ID when you vote in person, such as:

  • state drivers license
  • state ID card
  • student ID card
  • tribal ID card
  • employer ID card

Absentee voters do not need to provide ID in Washington state.

West Virginia

West Virginia voters do not need to show ID.

West Virginia voters do not need to show ID.

Wisconsin

NOTE: Wisconsin voters who do not have the required forms of identification to vote (below) can still vote in the 2016 general election by signing affidavits swearing to their identity.

These IDs are acceptable for voting purposes, and can be unexpired or expired after the date of the most recent general election (currently, the November 4, 2014 election):

  • A Wisconsin DOT-issued driver license, even if driving privileges are revoked or suspended
  • A Wisconsin DOT-issued identification card
  • A Wisconsin DOT-issued identification card or driver license without a photo issued under the religious exemption
  • Military ID card issued by a U.S. uniformed service
  • A U.S. passport
  • An identification card issued by a federally recognized Indian tribe in Wisconsin (May be used even if expired before the most recent general election.)

These photo IDs are also acceptable for voting purposes, but must be unexpired:

  • A veteran’s photo identification card issued by the Veterans Health Administration of the federal Department of Veterans Affairs
  • A certificate of naturalization that was issued not earlier than two years before the date of Election Day at which it is presented
  • A driving receipt issued by Wisconsin DOT (valid for 45 days)
  • An identification card receipt issued by Wisconsin DOT (valid for 45 days)
  • A photo identification card issued by a Wisconsin accredited university, college or technical college that contains date of issuance, signature of student, and an  expiration date no later than two years after date of issuance.  Also, the university, college or technical college ID must be accompanied by a separate document that proves enrollment.
  • A citation or notice of intent to revoke or suspend a Wisconsin DOT-issued driver license that is dated within 60 days of the date of Election Day.

Important things to know:

  • There is no such thing as a “Wisconsin Voter ID Card.”  The new Voter Photo ID Law uses existing photo IDs for people to prove their identity before voting.
  • The address on your ID doesn’t have to be current. And the name on your ID doesn’t need to be an exact match for your name in the poll book. (So, Richards who go by Rich, Bobs who are also Roberts and Susans with IDs for Sue can all relax.)
  • Of course, there are certain requirements. Your ID should look like you.  Even if you’ve colored your hair, shaved your beard or lost some weight, as long as your photo ID reasonably resembles you, it should be accepted.

We’re currently trying to whether absentee voters need to provide ID. It’s best to contact your Local Election Official if you have any questions.

Resources and off-site links

  • The bulk of our in-person voter ID information comes from the National Conference of State Legislatures, which is a fantastic resource.
  • We contacted the Secretaries of State and/or Local Election Officials directly to gather the absentee voter ID information.

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